One of the most important steps in exporting a product is transporting it to the buyer country. In recent decades, with the expansion of transportation methods in foreign trade, export activity has flourished more than before, but in the meantime, choosing the most appropriate method of transportation is important because it prevents harm to the interests of the owner of the goods. Be.
Trade, in any case, does not require transportation. Transportation of goods requires compliance with certain requirements, without which it is not possible to export. In international trade, a good may cross the borders of one or more countries to reach its destination. Thus, international transportation refers to the ways in which a good starts from the origin and reaches the desired destination. Therefore, here a series of international requirements and rules must be observed by the buyer or seller. However, in domestic transportation, only internal standards and procedures are considered.
How to pack, different shipping methods, consideration of international rules such as Incoterms and some other items are among the important requirements that must be considered in international shipping and transportation. In this type of transportation, the intended shipment may be a product, package, letter or any other item. This requires that you, as an exporter or importer, be proficient in international law, foreign trade terms, customary practices and some other points. There are several methods in this regard, including road, air, rail and sea transport.
These services are generally divided into two categories:
The difference between cargo and freight services
Cargo: Packaging and shipping services in the form of goods and merchandise abroad are used by merchants and traders.
Freight: Packing and shipping services abroad for people who want to send their furniture to other countries.
In fact, freight is done for real people who intend to move furniture abroad and send their household items. For example, if a person intends to immigrate to Turkey. This person can send some or all of their living items (such as audio-visual equipment, kitchen appliances, personal items, carpets and rugs, even furniture, tables and chairs, etc.) to Turkey and their new place of residence.
It should be noted that Sepehran Rail offers only cargo transportation services.
The countries of destination for international rail freight are Turkey as well as the countries of the .C.I.S (Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan).
According to the agreement that Sepehran Rail has with the Turkish Railways, we can transport cargo to this destination with appropriate tariffs.
Also, due to the difference in the width of rail lines in CIS countries, rail transportation to these destinations needs to be replaced by a bogie, and you can find out the cost from Sepehran Rail experts.
In Sepehran, rail freight is transported from Sarakhs and Incheh Borun borders to Turkmenistan, and from Razi border to Turkey.
Each of these methods has different advantages and disadvantages that it is better to pay attention to before exporting goods. There are usually two common procedures in international transportation, which include the CARRIER method and the FORWARDER method. These two procedures are present in all modes of transportation, such as sea, land, air and rail, and despite their similarities, there are differences that we will mention below.
Carrier and forwarder companies are two types of international freight forwarding companies and actors in this field through which traders and merchants usually export their goods. Of course, the carrier and the forwarder may be a natural or legal person. A carrier is a shipping company that, by concluding a contract with the sender or exporter of goods, undertakes to deliver the cargo to its destination. It is usually the case that the carrier companies themselves own or lease the means of transport. Carrier companies include companies operating in the fields of air, rail, sea and other methods. Carrier companies monitor and carry out various stages of transportation of goods, including loading, delivery of goods to the recipient at the destination, customs procedures and some other cases. Therefore, the scope of services and of course their responsibility is higher than that of forward companies.
Forward companies are legal entities or even some natural persons who receive a certain amount from the sender or exporter of the goods and in return provide the grounds for sending the desired goods. In fact, the forwarder is a kind of intermediary. An intermediary in which one side is an exporter of goods and the other side is a transport and shipping company. In this method, the forwarder is usually not responsible for transporting the cargo and therefore the risk will be higher than the carrier method. However, shipping methods are often cheaper than the previous method. Forwarder, unlike its carrier companies, does not own or rent the means of transporting goods, and this is done by the transport companies through him.